The EU as a Template for Regional Integration: the Case of ASEAN

Steven Crawley

The experience of the European Union (EU) is considered the most successful case of regional integration and has thus not only become a recurrent point of reference, but a perceived model for regional integration. This is due to its long history, broad scope and successful attempts to deepen and enlarge its level of integration, which has also created an opportunity for scholars to shift away from the universalist–regionalist debates over international organisations such as the United Nations to more theoretical discussions on regionalism and regionalisation. However, as the focus on comparative regional integration studies has increased in light of the so-called ‘second wa